24 November 2007

COFIA 1282 - 2007.

The below referrs to an Ysbryd Cofiwn Initiative in promotion of the true history of the events of 10, 11 & 12 Rhagfyr 1282 in regards to a commemorative outing tour of sites associated with these tragic days in our history. Individuals, Families or groups may organise their own outings at own time and pace. This more historically motivated outing it suggested may be, if wished as an alternative to the more political patriotic Rali Cilmeri, this outing begins at Llanganten and proceeds to Rhosferig, Parc/Bont ar Irfon and on to Aberedw. Full information is published in a previous post to this blog. This outing may take place on the Saturday, to allow for patriots to attend Cofia 1282 Sunday Rememberance Services at Abaty Cwm Hir also being held in Caernarfon and at Llys Rhosyr near Aberffraw, Ynys Mon.
The following Abaty Cwm Hir Sunday Rememberance Service, is not associated with another held later in the day, as it allows for individuals or groups to lay wreaths as from 12 noon and then proceed on their outing of sites associated with Llywelyn III in central Cymru. Cofia Sunday Rememberance Services are also organised in Caernarfon in the morning and at Newborough and Llys Rhosyr in the afternoon, full information may be found in a posting on OWAIN GLYNDWR COMMUNICATES BLOG.
Usually 11 Rhagfyr our National Day of Remembrance, falls on a week day, this makes it possible for further local Cofia 1282 Remembrance Ceremonies in any number of communities. Such we suggest are the setting up of small Cofia 1282 'Remembrance Gardens' as seen in the picture below, these may be best set up as closest as possible to the gateways of the Castles of Wales. This is not only about Rememberance but also a means of drawing public attention to our nations history.


It should be considered as a priority that there is held another National Remembrance Service in Caerdydd, and this may be done in and around City Hall, Caerdydd in which there is a statue of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd. Such should be organised for 11th December which this year of 2007 falls on a Tuesday.

Please note the above pictures may be reproduced but please credit source, diolch yn fawr.
Gethin ap Gruffydd.

15 August 2007

Cofia Llywelyn III 2007.

Cofia 1282 - 2007 Annual 'Ysbryd Cofiwn' Central Cymru Commemoration.

Proposed Programme for Community Group/Family Outing Field Trips.

Times Given Are A Rough Time Table Only.


Dydd Sadrwn 8 Rhagfyr 2008 as from 11 am to 12: 30 pm - Walking in footsteps of Milwyr Llywelyn - in area of Rhosferig where Byddin Llywelyn pitched camp on 10 Rhagfyr 1282. Rhosferig may be reached via Eglwys Llanganten from where you may walk to Parc ar Irfon, site of the massacre of Byddin Llywelyn III either during evening of 11 Rhagfyr 1282 or on the 12 Rhagfyr 1282. If making the walk, do wear walking boots and all weather clothing, you may if you wish reach Parc ar Irfon by Car, about 12: 30 - 1:00 pm please lay flowers or bunches of Ivy close to the flag pole outside Builth Golf Club House in memory of the massacred soldiers, alternativelly throw your tributes into the River Irfon from Bont ar Irfon close by. For full account of this truthful historical account, read the booklet by Anthony Edwards Ghosts on the Fairway, further details in other postings in this blog.

1:00 - 2:00 pm Break For refreshments at the Cae Beris Manor Hotel, following which visit Builth Castle then onto:

Same Day at Aberedw about 3 - 5:00 pm
- Visit Castell Llywelyn at Aberedw for your Commemorative Gathering and later place floral/Ivy tributes in memory of the assassination of Llywelyn III at the Yew Tree nearest to entrance of Eglwys Aberedw. During the evening you may retire to the Seven Stars Public House in Aberedw, we suggest you book your meals in advance.

Dydd Sul 9 Rhagfyr 2007:
if Staying overnight in Central Wales, we suggest you make your way to Abaty Cwm Hir by 11:00 am for your Rememberance Service at 11:30 pm by the Cofiwn Memorial near to high alter, marking place where Llywelyn III was bueried. Dinner 12:noon may be had in the Happy Union Tafarn close by. After which you may visit other sites associated with Hanes Llywelyn III in Central Cymru as Cilmeri where mistakenly a memorial was placed to mark an English Account of the events of 10, 11 & 12 Rhagfyr 1282 but nevertheless worth visiting the memorial and having final evening refreshments at Tafarn Llywelyn before departing for home.

Remember to Wear a Ivy Leaf.
Builth Castle
History, location details and photographs of the former castle at Builth Wells.www.castlewales.com/builth.html - 11k - Cached - Similar pages
Aberedw Castle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The remains of the Aberedw Castle, also known as Castle in Elvayl Huchmenyt [1], are located in the small village Aberedw located in historically known ...en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aberedw_Castle - 19k - Cached - Similar pages
Aberedew a Swansea and Brecon Diocesan Church.
Aberedew a Church in Swansea and Brecon. ... There are many references in Kilvert to Aberedw and the nearby rocks which was a popular beauty spot in ...www.churchinwales.org.uk/swanbrec/churches/builth/5928.html - 7k - Cached - Similar pages
ourpasthistory.com: Masonry Castles
Caer Beris Motte, Llangantan; Llanganten, Brecknockshire, Earthworks. Castell Blaenllynfi, Blaen Llyfni; Blaen Lleveny; Blaenllyfni, Brecknockshire ...www.ourpasthistory.com/medieval/?c=Masonry-Castles - 70k - Cached - Similar pages
Builth Wells Hotel :: Caer Beris Manor Hotel in Wales
Caer Beris Manor Hotel, Builth Wells. Mid Wales. Fine Welsh cuisine in our restaurants, well stocked bar and comfortable accommodation.www.caerberis.co.uk/ - 6k - Cached - Similar pages
Abbey Cwmhir
The ruins of Abbey Cwmhir lie in the secluded valley of the Clywedog brook in a remote and delightfully scenic location typical of those chosen by the ...www.castlewales.com/cwmhir.html - 7k - Cached - Similar pages
The Eating Out Guide - Seven Stars Inn
A warm welcome awaits you at The Seven Stars Inn, a 13th Century Inn situated in the peaceful village setting of Aberedw where Llywelyn ap Gryffydd, ...eatingoutguide.uk.com/business.asp?id=1527 - 14k - Cached - Similar pages
Happy Union
village pub in abbeycwmhir,powys called the happy union with a strange pub ... The Happy Union Inn , a pub that does not lean towards modern day pubs in ...www.abbeycwmhir.org.uk/id6.html - 18k - Cached - Similar pages[ More results from www.abbeycwmhir.org.uk ]
Prince Llewelyn Inn, Cilmeri
Prince Llewelyn Inn, Cilmeri. Home ~ HoWL ~ Cilmeri ~ Map. 01982 552694.www.heart-of-wales.co.uk/cilmeri/llewelyn.htm - 2k - Cached - Similar pages
Have a good and usefull weekend.
Gethin ap Gruffydd.

10 March 2007

Coffad 1282 - 83: The War begins, Palm Sunday 1282

The 1282 War of Independence began on Palm Sunday 1282, with an attack on Castell Penarlag (Hawarden) by the Cymry led by Dafydd ap Gruffydd brother of Llywelyn III. Dafydd of course was traitor to his own brother, having sided with the English in the war of 1277. However, by 1282 Dafydd and other ''turncoat'' Welsh Lords and Chiefs who had previously sided with Edward I, were by 1282 well discontented with their treatment by the English King and the Anglo - Normans rulers of Wales. We do not know if Llywelyn III was involved in the plotting which would bring about a penulitmate War of Independence, but his brother seized the initiative and on eve of Palm Sunday 1282 was gathering his forces at his castle of Caergwle. Early the next morning, well before dawn in an awful storm, the Welsh set out to attack the English not so far away at Hawarden and did much killing of English, and damage to the castle there. Thus began a war, that would end in great tradgety for many of native participants and witness the collapse of the Royal House of Gwynedd, with the conquest of Wales during the years 1282 - 83. I remind here, that what ever we may think of Dafydd III, he began this war and it is as much the history of the war we are commemorating, to in particular remind that it did not end with the death of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd at Aberedw. We must keep in mind the fact that following the death of Llywelyn III, his brother became Dafydd III 'Tywysog Cymru', and led the Welsh in the final months of the war, well into 1283. Not to take such into account only serves to make us fail to remember, that the Welsh on a number of military fronts made gallant and heroic resistance to the overwealming might of the Anglo - Norman Army, particularly as they advanced into Gwynedd from Y Perfeddwlad. There is no point in my continuing this history as you will find much on the web that will serve to educate and inform you very well, plus there are a number of books on the subject that will serve the same end. It is more my purpose to encourage individuals, families and communities to organise commemoration events as; exhibitions in local Libraries, and field trips. Not least make every effort to support my I'r Gad: Welsh Battle Field Campaign, by seeking to ensure that Battle sites associated with the 1282 - 83 war are memorialised and otherwise marked. In some instance I would propose patriots hold 'REMEMBERENCE RALLIES', maybe at Aberystwyth and Llandeilo this year and Castell y Bere and Caernarfon in 2008. Ymlaen:

First up for your patriotic attention: Palm Sunday 1282 - 2007 Outings to Castle Caergwle (Mawrth 31st) and Castell Penarlag (Ebrill 1st). Three days later the Cymry of the West rose up and attacked Castell Aberystwyth, in due course I will suggest other 1282/3 War historic sites worth visiting, in main as field trips. (See Owain Glyndwr Communicates re Glyndwr Castell Aberystwyth Commemoration). Below photos are of Castell Cargwle, Castell Penarlag and Castell Aberystwyth.

If Patriots want a good excuse for a 'Rally of Rememberence' then what better that one to commemorate a great Welsh Victory at the 'Battle of Llandeilo' 17 June 1282, best hold on Sat 16 June 2007, stay over the night and on Sunday 17 June visit Castell Dinefwr and of course the park. No! I am not organising but suggest Ystrad Tywi Patriots do, and invite patriots from other parts of Cymru to join them to celebrate this great victory over the Anglo - Normans.
Surely not an anniversary to be ignored?

Pobl Llywelyn III Gwynedd, what about a 'Rememberence Rally' at Moel y Don, on the Menai Straits. Hold Tachwedd 1282. Then of course there will be events in central Cymru in Mis Rhagfyr at Aberedw and Abaty Cwm Hir, also in Caernarfon and Aberffraw/Llys Rhosyr. For 1283 - 2008, I would suggest Castle y Bere for a 'Rally of Rememberence', and for 1284 - 2009 Rhuddlun - Rally of Rememberence. That's called thinking ahead with some patriotic proposals for you all to think about.


I think Cadw should organise another ''Festival of Castles'' in 2008 but this time around telling the true story of Conquest and Colonisation from a Cymric Point of View. You ask them ok!

NB: Ideas please how best not to celebrate conquest and colonialism, how can we mark 1283 and 1284 best?
I suggest an outing to Castell Dolforwyn and Castle of Montgomery is well worth a vist, not forgetting to vist Rhyd Chwima - The Ford of Montgomery.
The young lad below ''Young Toni'', Mab Sian actually walked with I and Dafydd Jenkins accross country from Cilmeri to Abaty Cwm Hir in 1982, that was about 21 miles, if I remember correctly. That was really something, blistered and bleeding feet as well, am I mad? I wonder, if anyone would be up for it today? I will try and find the ''trail blazing'' map of the this 'Llywbr Llywelyn III' researched by Dafydd Jenkins and if I find will post up. If anyone then considers doing the walk in 2007 as we did in 1982, let me know OK! I will leave space in this archive for any future epic journey of patriotic mind over matter of pain and the cramp that follows. As ''Old Toni'' said Cofiwn meant suffering: ''Nul ioy sans payne''. Patriotic pain of course?
Pamphlets to Read on the war of 1282 and death of Llywelyn III, easy reading but it's the one titled: APPOINTMENT IN ABEREDW by Anthony Edwards which tells the true story as to the treacherous betrayal and murderous assination at Aberedw on 11 Rhagfyr 1282.

The Best and Beast of a detailed book is that, by Historian Beverly Smith, excellent but gets the death of Llywelyn III wrong, follows the tradional English falsified account. However, still a must read as it is so full of information, read this and you will be an expert on Llywelyn ap Gruffydd and the War of 1282 - 83.

If you cannot cope with that, try the one below? which is a neat little illustrated booklet for the kiddies. Pretty good illustrations particulary see the ''Cut Clean'' families visiting Cilmeri cenotaph.

Follow in the pioneering footsteps of Cofiwn.


G.ap Gruffydd.


19 January 2007

The Ivy: Cofiwn's Symbol of Remembrance.




During my period of self imposed exile in Ireland, I attended the annual Wolfe Tone commemoration and became aware of Irish Republican Commemoration bodies as 'The National Graves Association' and other such which organised events to remember Republican History, Heroes and Martyrs. It was thus in Ireland I first concieved the idea of a Welsh National Commemoration Association later to be renamed 'Cofiwn' at suggestion of Co - Founder, Eurig ap Gwilym.

However, it was not until I returned to Wales and happened to watch a TV drama about the Irish Parliamentarian Parnell that I was made aware that his supporters after his death took to wearing an Ivy Leaf in his rememberance. This got me thinking and looking up 'Ivy' in a book, I discovered it was an ancient Greek 'Symbol of Rememberance'. All this reminded me that Llywelyn's head was ''mockingly'' crowned with Ivy suggested to me that the Ivy was the perfect badge for Cofiwn.

Since Cofiwn has used 'The Ivy' in a number of ways as shown in photo above, the small 'Ivy Crosses'. yes in imitation of the British Legion 'Poppy Crosses' and why not, if ideas are good no matter where from then use them to your own purpose. Cofiwn also encouraged the setting up annually in December 'Cofia 1282 Ivy Cross Rememberance Gardens' as near as possible to the gateways of as many 'Anglo - Norman Castles' in Cymru as is possible, this with exhibition work is what patriots may continue to carry out in the communities today. Of course major 'Cofia 1282 Rememberance Gardens' are annually established in December at important historic sites associated with Llywelyn III as at Cilmeri, Rhosferig and Parc ar Irfon also at Aberedw and Abaty Cwm Hir in Central Cymru. Whilst in Gwynedd such are set up at 'Cofeb 1282' in Caernarfon and at Llys Rhosyr and Aberffraw on Ynys Mon. Hopefully in this year of the 725th anniversary of 1282 a major effort will be made by patriots all over the land to establish such 'Cofia 1282 Rememberance Gardens' in as many communities as possible plus please 'Cofia 1282' Exhibitions in local community centres, Libraries and schools etc. For further advice please contact myself at following Email address: gethin.apgruffydd@ntlworld.com

However, it has been our encouraging of people to wear an 'The Ivy' annually, as from the 1 Rhagfyr to 11 Rhagfyr and for rest of December if wished that has really caught the patriotic imagination. It is not only a good way of expressing sympathy with the memory of the murder of Llywelyn III but when people enquire why 'The Ivy' is worn, it is ''an opening'' for Patriots to inform on 'Hanes 1282'.

To such end, aware as we are of how successful the ''Poppy Appeal'' and 'Rememberance 11 November Sunday' is promoted not least by media people on TV, we have long appealed for 'Media Cymru. Wales' Representatives to do the same. Fair play and credit where credit is due, the only one to ever do so, as far as we are aware is none other than Sian Lloyd. I cannot help but wonder if Sian got so much flack for this from her bosses at S4C that it motivated her to quit and become the most famouse of ''British'' weather girls.

Well we are many years down the road now and despite Sians flirtations with SWS/Stiffyn Parri and that obviosly not so ''Limp Lembit'', I still have a patriotic ''soft spot'' for Sian and wish her well. As after all she did have the patriotic conviction and courage to wear 'The Ivy' whilst others feared to tread that patriot path in our wonderful ''Welsh Media Land''. Right on Sian! Come back all is forgiven! See below what Clive Betts reported and what S4C had to say about Sian Lloyd's ''wee'' patriotic gesture in 2007. Please take note ''Welsh Media People'' whilst you read the below, 2007 is 725th anniversary of the death of LLywelyn ap Gruffyd at Aberedw. Well! this time around, how many of you will dare to wear 'The Ivy' on 11 Rhagfyr as you wear 'The Poppy' on 11 Tachwedd? Inc maybe Huw Edwards up in London, after all he makes good money out of presenting Welsh History Programmes for TV WALES/CYMRU.

Fin! For Now but will be back OK!

Ty Cenedl, Aberystwyth 1983 - 1986.

Tŷ Cenedl 1983 - 86:

Over time, the "Times they were a changing" and continued State harassment was putting incredible strains on the survival of COFIWN and in the end it was decided at a Senedd meeting that the pioneering work of COFIWN as a National Consciousness Movement had been completed to all purposes and that the time was right to pass on the torch of organising Cilmeri to others. Sian Ifan and Gethin ap Gruffydd two chief officers of Cofiwn then went on to founded Ty Cenedl in Aberystwyth. Tŷ Cenedl consisted of an office/workshop located at the Barn Centre in Alexandra Road Aberystwyth and was the power house of COFIWN until its demise. Literature was produced and published at the centre, flags and banners were printed there in abundance (sadly, many of the best, were stolen from there on one occasion) exhibitions were organised there as well as meetings, conferences and talks.

During this period in 1983, Dr Gwynfor Evans worked closely with us to produce a pamphlet on the history of Macsen Wledig, the Romano Cymric leader who had left Wales in the hands of our Cymric leaders towards the end of the 5th century. Gwynfor also suggested to Dafydd Iwan the writting and producing of a song on the subject. This song ‘Yma o Hyd’ is now a well known patriotic anthem in Wales and we are so proud to be able to witness two items of such worth and positivism having transferred from our friendly working relationship with Gwynfor.

During 1985, we organised a week long Welsh Tour for a representative of the 'First Peoples' (native Americans) from our base at Ty Cenedl around Cymru. Picture below shows Mark Banks with Welsh supporters taking break from tour meetings to visit Castell Carreg Cennen.

The First People’s Nation were amidst yet another crisis at the time with 10,000 natives were under threat of eviction off their ancestral lands by a large American Mineral company who were hell bent on mining the land for minerals for profit. We lived with Mark for a week and became very close as we realized how much the Welsh and First People of America had in common in regards to being conquered and deprived of so much of our native land and exploited of our mineral resources. Following on this visit Ty Cenedl published and distributed the following items of publicity in support of the AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT which still to this day continues in struggle on behalf of their people, we suggest you visit their websites. Cultural/Language Activists may find much of great interest and use on America's 'First Peoples' Web sites. Just search web for AIM or by name of 'First People Nations' names as Soiux, Apache, Crow or Commanche et al also take a look at Canadian 'First Nations' web sites, much of interest going on there too.

During the Tŷ Cenedl period, we also realized the need to catalogue all the COFIWN publications, photographs and ephemera which we did to completion and now all this material can be viewed at the National Library of Wales in the Tŷ Cenedl Collection of the Political Archive Department.

More Material on Ty Cenel will be published here in due course.
NB: Pics & Images: G.ap Gruffydd (C) Cofiwn Archive.